The Federation of American Scientists has published a paper detailing threats to the global oil supply chain. Rounding out a list of major regional and geopolitical threats to the global oil infrastructure, the risks of SCADA and other attacks on pipelines, tanker ships, and refineries does seem substantial. The author is a little off base in suggesting that STUXNET type weapons could be used to attack oil systems- the sophistication of oil systems is much less than that seen in the Iranian nuclear enrichment program, and as such a STUXNET level weapon would probably be overkill. Even still, Despite significant vulnerabilities of the often unprotected systems to the internet and other venues of attack, major SCADA attacks have not yet become prevalent. The author is also somewhat mistaken in assessing that groups such as the Syrian Electronic Army could have the capabilities to conduct major SCADA infrastructure attacks. SEA capabilities are simply not on that level, and they have concentrated primarily on hacking email accounts by abusing password resets and other social engineering methods, rather than the technical expertise that would be necessary to deploy custom attack tools on SCADA. These technical quibbles aside, the author is entirely correct in his assessment that the complexity of the logistics operations involved in global oil systems provides a major avenue of attack, and I must agree that these sorts of attacks are waiting over the horizon.
Dan Gifford – MCySec Media Manager