The time when the issuer of a bond or other debt security must repay the principal or when a borrower must repay a loan in full. For example, if a company issues $1 million in bonds with a maturity of 10 years, the company must repay $1 million to bondholders 10 years after the issue. The amount owed at maturity is usually the same as the debt or loan’s face value. After maturity, the loan or debt ceases to exist, assuming all parties have fulfilled their obligations.

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