Introduction to Education in Peru


Welcome to an analysis of education in Peru. Written by Bree Doan for the Comparative Education course at Monterey Institute of International Studies, it hopes to provide a thorough analysis of the education system of past, present, and future. This site provides information including the historical influences, contemporary systems, and issues of diversity and access to education in Peru. Each section is easily accessed on the side bar to the right. In order to gain better insight into the topic, some short statistics are provided below to illustrate the structure of the Peruvian education system.

Education Levels:

Pre-primary (pre-school): age 3-5

Primary-age: 6-11

Secondary-age: 12-16

Students after a 2 year general education are split into specific tracks of study at age 14-16. The different tracks award a technical diploma or another which awards an academic diploma.

Net Enrollment Rates: 

Pre-primary school 79% (UNESCO data, 2010)

Primary school 96% girls and 95% boys (UNESCO data, 2010)

Secondary school 78% girls, 77% boys (UNESCO data, 2010)

Tertiary school 45% female 41% male (UNESCO data, 2010)

Percentage of Primary School Age Children Out of School:  2%

Literacy Rates:

89.6% of adults and 97.4% of youth ( 15-24) are literate (UNESCO Data, 2007)

Mandatory Education: from the ages of 6 through 16

Academic Year: runs from April to December for 38 school weeks each year

Language of Instruction: Spanish, some bilingual schools in Spanish-Quechua and Spanish-Aymara

Government Spending on Education: 17.1%  (UNESCO data, 2010)

17.1% of government spending goes to education



<a href=””>Peru – Educational System—overview</a>